population tunisie 2004

The first animated film was shown in Tunis by the Lumiere brothers as early as 1896. [27] The city expanded and created new boulevards and neighborhoods. Lire la suite. However, it is common for temperatures to soar even as early as April with record temperatures reaching 40 °C (104 °F). The average temperatures in the summer months of June, July, August, and September are very high. This gives a total population for the UK from 1851 onwards, quinary (5 year) age breakdown from 1953 - 1970 and a single year of age breakdown from 1971 to the most recent data available (2015). Tunis, capital and largest city of Tunisia, on the northern African coast, between the western and eastern basins of the Mediterranean Sea. It also changes the name of El Kef governorate to Kef ... Population: 2004-04-28 census. La démographie de la Tunisie se caractérise par l'uniformité de la population en matière de composantes culturelles ou religieuses. - Keywords: demography, population pyramid, age pyramid, aging, retirement, Tunisia, 2004. Under the rule of deys and Moorish beys, the capital sprang into new life. The largest Park, Belvédère Park, was founded in 1892 overlooks Lake Tunis. If we add the mosques and oratories (about 200), the madrasahs (El Bachia, Slimania, El Achouria, Bir El Ahjar, Ennakhla, etc..), The zaouias (Mahrez Sidi Sidi Ali Azouz, Sidi Abdel Kader, etc.) The incident has been treated as a terrorist attack.[33][34]. La population du district représente 24 % de la population totale, et vit sur un territoire ne dépassant pas 2 % de la superficie du pays [24]. The Station ID for Tunis Carthage is 11515111. The number of male is 5 472.4 thousands, forming 49.8% of the population. But football is not the only discipline to emerge. The total length of the network will eventually be in the range of 84 km (52 mi). According to Strabo, it was destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC during the Third Punic War. [48] It reflects the improved financial situation of the municipality, the year 2007 was a year registering a surplus in resources that allowed the settlement of debts of the municipality and the strengthening of its credibility with respect its suppliers and public and private partners. During World War II, Tunis was held by Axis forces from November 1942 to May 1943. Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat de 2004: Caractéristiques démographiques de la population, et caractéristiques des noyaux familiaux et de la population infirme. [32] Five Japanese, two Colombians, and visitors from Italy, Poland, and Spain were among the dead. The Medina contains some 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasas and fountains dating from the Almohad and the Hafsid periods. [6] The term Tunis can possibly mean "camp at night", "camp", or "stop", or may have referred to as "the last stop before Carthage" by people who were journeying to Carthage by land. Many protests took place during the Arab Spring of 2011–12. This is where the Belvedere Park lies, the largest in the city, and home to a zoo and the Pasteur Institute founded by Adrien Loir in 1893. Statistiques de la Tunisie. This decision infuriated the Shi'ite caliph Al-Mustansir Billah. Nidaa Tounes came second with 17 seats. It therefore has the highest concentration of students in Tunisia, with a student population of 75,597 as of 2006[update].[77]. In addition, the TGM will be integrated into the light-rail network and a new line built around Ayn Zaghouan and Bhar Lazrag (8.4 km). Actuelle de la population, les naissances et les décès aujourd'hui et au cours de l'année, la migration nette et la croissance démographique. Depuis son accession à l'indépendance en 1956, la Tunisie a réalisé cinq recensements de population (1966, 1975, 1984, 1994 et 2004). The governorates as well as all cities and communes in Tunisia. All three variations were mentioned by the Greek-Syrian geographer al-Rumi Yaqout in his Mu'jam al-Bûldan (Dictionary of Countries). [75] [60] Bab El-Jazeera, perhaps the oldest gate of the south wall, opened onto the southern road. If you live in a developed country, you probably started school at a very young age, where you learned to read and write.Unfortunately, not all nations have this luxury. annual growth rate has decreased from 1.8% in 1990-1995 to 0.8% in 2010 2014.Despite the decrease of the share of - the rural population from 40.4% to 32.8% in the same period, the rural population increased from 3.3 to 3.6 million in the same period. Known as Tunis Sports City, it will expand around the lake of Tunis, on the road to La Marsa. After the performance, the people returned to their homes.[20]. According to the Mercer 2017 Cost of Living Rankings, Tunis has the lowest cost of living for expatriates in the world. 10 millions 982 mille 754, c'est le nombre d'habitants que compte la Tunisie, y compris les étrangers résidant en Tunisie durant une période de 6 mois au The small Orthodox community is centred around the Greek Orthodox Church (1862), managed by the Greek Embassy and the Russian Orthodox Church (1957), reflecting the presence in Tunisia of a small colony of Russian immigrants.[63]. The people in the city assembled in large numbers to celebrate the festival, in extravagant and most luxurious outfits. [9] Greek cities contended with Carthage over Sicily,[10] and the Romans fought three wars against Carthage. The first true sports facilities were managed under the French protectorate, as illustrated by the development of the Ksar Said racecourse and construction of the Stade Chedli Zouiten in the neighborhood of Belvedere, which had long been the main stadium in the capital before being supplanted by the Olympic stadium, Stade El Menzah, where EST and CA play their football today. In 1159, the Almohad 'Abd al-Mu'min took Tunis, overthrew the last Khurasanid leader and installed a new government in the kasbah of Tunis. These include Jebel Jelloud, located in the south-east of Tunis, which concentrates on the heavy industry of cement production, the treatment plant of phosphate s, etc. [52] However the secondary industry is still very represented and Tunis hosts 85% of industrial establishments in the four governorates, with a trend towards the spread of specialized industrial zones in the suburbs. Furthermore, along the boulevards, the contribution of the architectural period 1850–1950 can be felt in the buildings, such as the government buildings of the nine ministries and the headquarters of the municipality of Tunis. The 2008 budget adopted by the City Council is structured as follows: 61.61 million dinars for operations and 32,516 million dinars for investment. The northern end supports the football club of Esperance Sportive de Tunis while at the other end is the rival Club Africain. WHO estimated rate per 100 000 population 24.4 Estimated GDP lost due to road traffic crashes — b General Directorate of the National Guard, Ministry of Interior (data from 2013). Following the municipal elections of 6 May 2018, Ennahdha obtained 21 seats out of 60. The city became the capital of a Hafsid kingdom stretching towards Tripoli and Fez. [71] The National Theatre of Tunisia is an important public enterprise in Tunis,[72] and since 1988 been located in the Khaznadar palace (dating from the middle of the 19th century and situated in the Halfaouine quarter), renamed "Theater Palace." In addition, unemployment is high in young people aged 18 to 24, with one in three unemployed as compared to one in six at the national level. Additionally, the percentage of the population that is “vulnerable” to fall into poverty is expected to increase in 2020. Tourism also provides a significant portion of the city's income. Among the priority lines were: Tunis-Borj Cédria (23 km) where modernization and electrification are already planned; Tunis-Mohamedia-Fouchana (19.4 km); Tunis-Manouba-Mnihla (19.2 km); Tunis-Ezzouhour-Sidi Hassine Séjoumi (13.9 km). The Ottoman Uluç Ali Reis, at the head of an army of janissaries and Kabyles, retook Tunis in 1569. Al Hamra was one of the most famous theaters in the capital during the 1930s and 1940s. [68] The Rachidia was founded in 1934 to safeguard Arab music, and in particular to promote Tunisian and malouf music. [13] Situated on a hill, Tunis served as an excellent point from which the comings and goings of naval and caravan traffic to and from Carthage could be observed. Keep in Touch. Souk El Berka leads to Souk El Leffa, a souk that sells many carpets, blankets and other weavings, and extends with the Souk Es Sarragine, built in the early 18th century and specializing in leather. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as "Grand Tunis", has about 2,700,000 inhabitants. Tunis was one of the first towns in the region to fall under Carthaginian control, and in the centuries that followed Tunis was mentioned in the military histories associated with Carthage. [78] The library moved to its current location on Boulevard 9 April in 1938. The Tunis area is served by the métro léger (Ar. Tunisia population density. After the war, the city faced new transformations as the modern portion grew in importance and extended its network of boulevards and streets in all directions. [51] As in the rest of Tunisia, literacy in the region of Tunis evolved rapidly during the second half of the 20th century and has reached a level slightly higher than the national average. [63] The Saheb Ettabaâ Mosque, built between 1808 and 1814 was the last mosque built by the Tunis Husseinites before the French occupation. Profits obtained from the trade in Christian slaves allowed the rulers to build sumptuous structures that revived the architectural heritage of the Middle Ages.[15]. [63] Ksar Mosque, also of the Hanafi rite, is located in front of Dar Hussein (Bab Menara) and was built in the 12th century. Its collections developed rapidly, thanks to numerous archaeological discoveries in the surrounding territory. [16] The medina of Tunis, the oldest section of the city, dates from this period, during which the region was conquered by the Umayyad emir Hasan ibn al-Nu'man al-Ghasani. At the same time, an active policy of industrialization is developing the municipal economy. an increase of the active population from 57% to 64% in 2014Although, the average. Cette publication est consacrée à la présentation des premiers résultats du Recensement Général d la Population et de l'Habitat de 2004,d’après l’exploitation d’un échantillon constitué par le 1/5 des questionnaires (soit 22.5%). In 1955 he placed his student Mohamed Saâda in charge of the ensemble, which at that time included the best artists, and later merged with the ensemble of Radio Tunis. Lire la suite. On 18 March 2015, two gunmen attacked the Bardo National Museum and held hostages. Tunis is the seat of the Diocese of Tunis, with the seat located at the Cathedral of St Vincent de Paul, The church was built in 1897 on the site of the old Christian cemetery of Saint-Antoine. Recorded history in Tunisia begins with the arrival of Phoenicians, who founded Carthage and other North African settlements in the 8th century B.C. A naval expedition led by Charles himself was dispatched in 1535, and the city was recaptured. Actuelle de la population, les naissances et les décès aujourd'hui et au cours de l'année, la migration nette et la croissance démographique. Contents: Population. After 1591, the Ottoman governors (Beys) were relatively independent, and both piracy and trade continued to flourish. The current population of India in 2021 is 1,393,409,038, a 0.97% increase from 2020.; The population of India in 2020 was 1,380,004,385, a 0.99% increase from 2019.; The population of India in 2019 was 1,366,417,754, a 1.02% increase from 2018. Tunis was built at the end of the shallow Lake of Tunis, an inlet of the Gulf of Tunis, and is linked with its port, Ḥalq al-Wādī, 6 miles (10 km) to the Tunisia was the only Arab country to come under direct German occupation during World War II.According to Robert Satloff, “From November 1942 to May 1943, the Germans and their local collaborators implemented a forced-labor regime, confiscations of property, hostage-taking, mass extortion, deportations, and executions. We do not currently publish estimates of population by ethnicity. Founded in 698 is the Al-Zaytuna Mosque and the surrounding area which developed throughout the Middle Ages,[57] dividing Tunis into a main town in two suburbs, in the north (Bab Souika) and the south (Bab El Jazira). East of the medina through the Sea Gate (also known as the Bab el Bhar and the Porte de France) begins the modern city, or Ville Nouvelle, traversed by the grand Avenue Habib Bourguiba (often referred to by media and travel guides as "the Tunisian Champs-Élysées"), where the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast to smaller, older structures. [72] The National School of Circus Arts was founded following a meeting between the Director of the National Theater and the Director General of the National Center for Arts of Châlons-en-Champagne (France) in 1998. Administrative Division. Because its culture and records were destroyed by the Romans at the end of the Third Punic War, very few Carthaginian primary historical sources survive. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The main cemetery in Tunis, the Djellaz Cemetery, dominates this part of town, perched on the slopes of a rocky outcrop. Population totale La définition de population englobe tous les résidents indépendamment de leur statut légal ou de leur citoyenneté, à l'exception des réfugiés qui ne sont pas établis en permanence dans leur pays d'adoption. As the city has grown and native Tunisians gradually began to replace the extensive European population, conflict between the Arab city and the European city has gradually decreased with the arabization of the population. [31] Twenty civilians and one policeman were killed in the attack, while around 50 others were injured. The city had the natural advantage of coastal access, via the Mediterranean, to the major ports of southern Europe. The town is an important market, road, and rail junction and is the centre of an irrigated agricultural area. The Métro léger de Tunis network has extended gradually since then to reach the suburbs. Bab Souika (initially known as Bab El Saqqayin) had a strategic role to keep the roads to Bizerte, Béja and Le Kef. This program has yielded significant results since the rate of population growth declined from 3.0% in 1966 to 0.94% in 2004. However, urban growth, which is estimated to be increasing by 500 hectares per year, is gradually changing the landscape with urban sprawl. Tunisie : Abir Moussi aurait séquestré des députés (M. Korchid) Evolution de la population tunisienne (1921-2004) Avr 27, 2014 [28] At the beginning of the 21st century, the Medina is one of the best preserved urban locations in the Arab world.[58]. population qui croit doucement : Une augmentation annuelle de la population de 120.000 personnes, ce qui fait qu’entre 1994 et 2004 la population Tunisienne n’a augmenté que de 1.125.000 habitants , soit au total 9.910.872 habitants. The main conflicts and potentially destructive human behavior has been experienced in the city occurred relatively recently following the country's independence which it why it made into a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. Décennale Version : Télécharger . However, Tunis remained modestly sized compared to Carthage during this time.[15]. At midday on 20 May 1943, the Allies held a victory parade on Avenue Maréchal Galliéni, and Avenue Jules Ferry, to signal the end of fighting in North Africa. Tunisia population density is 72.7 people per square kilometer (188.2/mi 2) as of January 2021. The victory against the corsairs is recorded in a tapestry at the Royal Palace of Madrid. Mongi Gharbi, « Trombes d'eau sur Tunis et certains gouvernorats du pays », "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010", "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie", "Tunis-Carthage Climate Normals 1961–1990", Constitution de la République tunisienne (Jurisite Tunisie), http://www.legislation.tn/sites/default/files/news/constitution-b-a-t.pdf, Budget de la municipalité de Tunis pour l'année 2008 (Municipalité de Tunis), Arrondissements municipaux (Municipalité de Tunis), Population, répartition proportionnelle et taux d'accroissement par gouvernorat (Institut national de la statistique), Stratégie de développement de la ville de Tunis (Municipalité de Tunis), Fiche de présentation de la médina (Association de sauvegarde de la médina de Tunis), Entretien avec Jamila Binous sur la médina de Tunis (TV5), Promenade de Marie-Ange Nardi et Lotfi Bahri dans les souks de Tunis (TV5), "Contextuality, Contextualization, and the New Christians of Tunis", "Saudi Aramco World : The Musical Pulse of Tunisia", Musique et conservatoires (Municipalité de Tunis), "The Cultural Importance Of The Tunisian Carthage Film Festival", "The Carthage Film Festival celebrates its 50th birthday", Statistiques officielles (Ministère de l'éducation nationale), Chokri Ben Nessir, « Une véritable requalification routière ». After World War II, suburbs began to rapidly spring up on the outskirts of Tunis. [82] Among other projects are a line to the city of Ennasr (8.4 km) and the extension of the Tunis-Ettadhamen to Mnihla (1.7 km). A legacy of the French presence in the country remains, and the city retains many French schools, the most important being the Lycée Pierre Mendes-France at Mutuelleville. The capital is also linked to its northern suburbs by the railway line that crosses the lake, dividing the lake into two. In total the governorate of Tunis registered 24,095 licences for various clubs in the municipal area in 2007. The present study attempts to delineate the spectrum of beta-thalassemia (thal) mutations in Tunisia by studying a large population from different parts of the country. To punish the Zirids, he unleashed the Banu Hilal Arab tribe on Ifriqiya; a large part of the country was set to the torch, the Zirid capital Kairouan was razed in 1057, and only a few coastal towns, including Tunis and Mahdia, escaped destruction. (mid-2011 estimates) Below is the area and population of each country. Nominal (current) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Tunisia is $39,952,095,561 (USD) as of 2017.; Real GDP (constant, inflation adjusted) of Tunisia reached $49,633,854,967 in 2017.; GDP Growth Rate in 2017 was 1.96%, representing a change of 951,795,445 US$ over 2016, when Real GDP was $48,682,059,522. In 1228, Governor Abu Zakariya seized power and, a year later, took the title of Emir and founded the Hafsid dynasty. In the years following independence, the population of the metropolitan area continued to grow: by 21.1% from 1956 to 1966 and by 28.5% from 1966 to 1975 (55.6% between 1956 and 1975). Bab El Bhar located 7 metres (23 feet) above sea level, Hammouda Pasha Mosque in El Kasbah is located 23 metres (75 feet) above sea level. [63], The presence of modern churches in Tunis are also testimony to the French presence for half a century. The average annual population growth rate between 2010 and 2017 was 1.2 per cent. Between 1928 and 1955 the city hosted nine rounds of the Grand Prix of Tunis, where notable drivers such as Marcel Lehoux, Achille Varzi, Tazio Nuvolari and Rudolf Caracciola took part. For its part, the south light-rail line was extended in November 2008 to El Mourouj with a length of 6.8 kilometres (4.2 miles). On 3 July 2018, the head of the Ennahdha list Souad Abderrahim was elected by the council as the new mayor of the capital. The population of the governorates and delegations of Tunisia. Defined as died within 30 days of crash. A great fusion of influences can be seen blending Andalusian styles with eastern influences, and Roman or Byzantine columns, and typical Arab architecture, characterized by the archways. The Association of Arab Orchestra of the City of Tunis began its activities at the end of April 1982, as a workshop linked to the cultural center of the city. [2][3] Some scholars claim that it originated from Tynes, which was mentioned by Diodorus Siculus and Polybius in the course of descriptions of a location resembling present-day Al-Kasbah; Tunis's old Berber village. The Carthage Film Festival is the oldest established film festival in Africa, running biennially until 2014 and annually thereafter. The city spilled outside the area of the earlier town and the banks of the lake, and the new districts were modernised with running water (1860), lighting gas (1872), roads, waste collection (1873), and communication with adjacent suburbs and the city centre. [82] The plan was for lines based on certain criteria such as population density and the lack of coverage for a given area. Tunis is a center of Tunisian culture. Tunis and its suburbs have many of the major Tunisian universities including the University of Tunis, Tunisia Private University, University of Ez-Zitouna, the University of Tunis – El Manar, the University of Carthage and the Manouba University. The ancient city of Carthage is located just north of Tunis along the coastal part. * estimate for July 1, 2016 ** Internet User = individual who can access the Internet at home, via any device type and connection.More details. [23] Under the reign of Hussein Bey II, naval defeats by the British (1826) and French (1827) saw the French become increasingly active in the city and in the economy.[24]. It was briefly the national capital, from the end of the reign of Ibrahim II in 902, until 909[17] when control over Ifriqiya was lost to the newly founded Fatimid Caliphate. It is also home to Tunis Zoo, which houses African fauna, and the Museum of Modern Art. Population: 10 996 515 • Income group: Middle • Gross national income per capita: US$ 4 200 SAFER ROAD USERS Today, each district has its culture and rivalries can be strong. Tunis holds some of the most prestigious musical institutions in the country. [82], Tunis is served by Tunis-Carthage International Airport, located 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) northeast of downtown, which began operating in 1940 under the name of Tunis El Aouina. After independence, in the 1960s, the National Board of Seaports, which supports all ports in the country, modernized the infrastructure of the port of Tunis. Frosts are rare. Local opposition to the authorities began to intensify in September 945, when Kharijite insurgents occupied Tunis, resulting in general pillaging. [11] Not surprisingly, their accounts of Carthage are extremely hostile; while there are a few Greek authors who took a favourable view, these works have been lost. There are also some mentions in ancient Roman sources of such names of nearby towns as Tuniza (now El Kala), Thunusuda (now Sidi-Meskin), Thinissut (now Bir Bouregba), and Thunisa (now Ras Jebel). Thus, Tunisia has initiated an early family planning program whose objective is the reduction in fertility. Film producers and cinema have long been present in the city of Tunis. Kasserine, town in west-central Tunisia. Name Native Status Population Census 2004-04-28 Population Census 2014-04-23; Jemmal [Jammel] Bab Cartagena gave access to Carthage, important for bringing in construction materials needed for the city. This city has a high density of traffic because vehicle ownership is rising at 7.5% per year. King Louis easily captured Carthage, but his army soon fell victim to an outbreak of dysentery. According to the first results of the census, the number of residents in Tunisia in 2014 is 10 982.8 thousand people. Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques. Thus, during Agathocles' expedition, which landed at Cape Bon in 310 BC, Tunis changed hands on various occasions. A regional gymnastics competition was held in Tunis in 1912 with the participation of thousands of French gymnasts. To traditional industry and trade with distant lands was added the activity of the Barbary pirates, then in their golden age. Region : Northern Africa: Population (000, 2020) 11 819: Pop. The medina of Tunis has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. The films The English Patient (1996) and The Last Days of Pompeii (2003) were also shot in studios in Tunis. [18] In 1048 the Zirid ruler Al-Muizz ibn Badis rejected his city's obedience to the Fatimids and re-established Sunni rites throughout all of Ifriqiya. The municipality of Tunis is divided into 15 municipal districts:[49] These include El Bab Bhar, Bab Souika, Cité El Khadra, Jelloud Jebel El Kabaria, El Menzah, El Ouardia, Ettahrir, Ezzouhour, Hraïria, Medina, El Omrane, El Omrane Higher Séjoumi, Sidi El-Bashir and Sidi Hassine. In total, there are three Greek Orthodox and two Russian Orthodox parishes in Tunisia. At the periphery are the souks Et Trouk, El Blat, El Blaghgia, El Kébabgia, En Nhas (copper), Es Sabbaghine (dyeing) and El Grana that sell clothing and blankets and was occupied by Jewish merchants. In 1964 the Dar Ben Abdallah, a palace probably dating back to the 18th century, became the seat of the capital's Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions. Both gunmen were killed by Tunisian police. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Tunisia divided by total area of the country. Having become an Ottoman province governed by a Pasha who was appointed by the Sultan based in Constantinople, the country attained a degree of autonomy. In the middle there is a square where the former slave market stood until the middle of the 19th century. Growth rates are the annual changes in population resulting from births, deaths and … Tunis is the heartland of the Tunisian economy and is the industrial and economic hub of the country, home to one third of Tunisian companies—including almost all the head offices of companies with more than fifty employees, with the exception of the Compagnie des Phosphates de Gafsa, headquartered in Gafsa—and produces a third of the national gross domestic product. Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Graduate School of Communications of Tunis, Higher Institute of Technological Studies in Communications of Tunis, List of twin towns and sister cities in Tunisia, European enclaves in North Africa before 1830, "Tunisia: Governorates, Major Cities, Communes & Urban Agglomerations", "The Neo-Punic Inscriptions and Coin Legends", "Carthage – 1960, Page 11 by B. H. Warmington. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) Strömsborg, SE-103 34 Stockholm, Sweden Tel: +46 8 698 37 00 Some of the fortifications around it have now largely disappeared, and it is flanked by the two suburbs of Bab Souika to the north and Bab El Jazira to the south. [89] Decolonization led to the exodus of some European minorities whose numbers dwindled every year. The first took place on 9 June 1907, between teams from Lycée Alaoui and Lycée Carnot (1–1). The Olympic village was financed by an investment estimated at 50 million dinars. A symbolic class difference is present between the EST's and the CA's supporters, despite their playing at the same stadium. Tunis has been the capital of Tunisia since 1159. During the Almohad and Hafsid periods Tunis was one of the richest and grandest cities in the Islamic world, with a population of about 100,000.

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